If you plan to launch a new site and want to figure out which CMS to choose in 2020, WordPress or Joomla, read this article where we do our own analysis. Joomla or WordPress - this question is increasingly asked by novice webmasters and even experienced website developers. The competition under the slogan "JOOMLA vs WORDPRESS" continues and it will be especially interesting to watch its progress after the appearance of Joomla 4 on the CMS market.
We are not ready to state unequivocally that one of these content management systems is better or worse. But based on our own experience, our team made its choice in favor of CMS Joomla.
And this is despite the fact that today the market share occupied by CMS Joomla (about 5%) is significantly lower than that of WordPress (about 60%).
1. Source code and structure of CMS Joomla and WordPress
CMS Joomla is developed in accordance with the concept of MVC, and has a high-quality code. The quality of the code is definitely higher for Joomla than for WordPress. The source code of Joomla is open to all comers, which forces developers to keep the brand and make corrections when comments from the community arise. Joomla code is pretty well documented. If you are good at programming, you can easily create your own extension that will work in CMS.
WordPress, in principle, is written well, but any specialist understands that this is an old-school style. And here we will not delve into the intricacies like global variables or built-in image slicing mechanisms. It's enough to understand that even the most popular plug-ins for WordPress are a mixture of different concepts. To understand the code and make corrections, special knowledge and a lot of time are required. This is clearly seen in numerous forums where developers are trying to find answers to the same questions.
But the most important difference in the concepts of the interaction of scripts and database tables. Any request to render a page of a WordPress site entails a survey of all installed plugins, which significantly increases the required resources and reduces the speed of request processing. Of course, in the basic version, all this happens rapidly. But any modern site requires the installation of dozens, and sometimes hundreds of extensions. As a result, the WordPress site has serious problems with the download speed and, as a result, with search engine optimization.
In CMS Joomla, the process is much simpler and more efficient. When rendering pages, requests go only to those extensions that are used on this particular page. And as a result, the addition of powerful components, for example, for Internet commerce or a social network, has practically no effect on the operation of other pages of the site.
2. Search engine optimization on Joomla or WordPress
3. Content Management System Security
You could often hear security complaints about Joomla CMS. But all this refers to the far forgotten past. Indeed, there were serious Joomla security issues in the early stages of development. Now the situation has changed radically. The latest versions of Joomla are well protected and it is already quite difficult to find negative ratings. Unless Joomla security issues have arisen due to webmaster's own mistakes. Such problems arise mainly as a result of installing hacked applications, or because of an irresponsible attitude to password storage or obvious unprofessionalism when configuring the system itself and its extensions.
In practice, we have never encountered hacks on the Joomla sites of our clients if the system itself and third-party extensions were updated in a timely manner. There have been such cases with WordPress, but they can be counted on the fingers. Most likely this is due to the market share of these CMS. WordPress is much more widespread and of course is of interest to a huge number of hackers.
As for additional security features, WordPress has a powerful Wordfence plugin, and it does its job well. For Joomla, there are several solutions among which the best today is RSFirewall.
In general, here we can say that parity is respected and neither WordPress nor Joomla have obvious advantages. The differences are only in the cost and convenience of setting up extensions, which is insignificant.
4. Convenience of CMS and intuitive clarity for the site administrator
The opinion that WordPress is simple and clear, and that any novice webmaster can easily cope with it is heard very often. This is basically the case, but as they say there are nuances. Many settings are really not questionable and implemented great. But sometimes without additional plugins, complex puzzles arise.
For example, with the placement of modules on the site. It would seem that it could be simpler, but in WordPress this process is much more complicated and often resembles a rebus.
In Joomla, everything is simple and clear, but maybe this is only our subjective opinion. Therefore, we will not insist. In this matter, everyone should evaluate for himself. We, relying on our own experience with both WordPress and Joomla, give preference to CMS Joomla in this matter without any reservations.
5. Potential opportunities in terms of expanding the site functionality
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